Han Tong(Unitec Institute of Technology), Hamid Sharifzadeh(Unitec Institute of Technology) and Ian McLoughlin(Singapore Institute of Technology)
Dysarthria is a speech disorder that can significantly impact a person's daily life, and yet may be amenable to therapy. To automatically detect and classify dysarthria, researchers have proposed various computational approaches ranging from traditional speech processing methods focusing on speech rate, intelligibility, intonation, etc. to more advanced machine learning techniques. Recently developed machine learning systems rely on audio features for classification; however, research in other fields has shown that audio-video cross-modal frameworks can improve classification accuracy while simultaneously reducing the amount of training data required compared to uni-modal systems (i.e. audio- or video-only).
In this paper, we propose an audio-video cross-modal deep learning framework that takes both audio and video data as input to classify dysarthria severity levels. Our novel cross-modal framework achieves over 99% test accuracy on the UASPEECH dataset -- significantly outperforming current uni-modal systems that utilise audio data alone. More importantly, it is able to accelerate training time while improving accuracy, and to do so with reduced training data requirements.