Thu-1-11-11 MultiSpeech: Multi-Speaker Text to Speech with Transformer

Mingjian Chen(Peking University), Xu Tan(Microsoft Research Asia), Yi Ren(Zhejiang University), Jin Xu(Tsinghua University), Hao Sun(Peking University), Sheng Zhao(Microsoft STC Asia), Tao QIN(Microsoft Research Asia) and Tie-Yan Liu(Microsoft Research Asia)
Abstract: Transformer-based text to speech (TTS) model (e.g., Transformer TTS~\cite{li2019neural}, FastSpeech~\cite{ren2019fastspeech}) has shown the advantages of training and inference efficiency over RNN-based model (e.g., Tacotron~\cite{shen2018natural}) due to its parallel computation in training and/or inference. However, the parallel computation increases the difficulty while learning the alignment between text and speech in Transformer, which is further magnified in the multi-speaker scenario with noisy data and diverse speakers, and hinders the applicability of Transformer for multi-speaker TTS. In this paper, we develop a robust and high-quality multi-speaker Transformer TTS system called MultiSpeech, with several specially designed components/techniques to improve text-to-speech alignment: 1) a diagonal constraint on the weight matrix of encoder-decoder attention in both training and inference; 2) layer normalization on phoneme embedding in encoder to better preserve position information; 3) a bottleneck in decoder pre-net to prevent copy between consecutive speech frames. Experiments on VCTK and LibriTTS multi-speaker datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of MultiSpeech: 1) it synthesizes more robust and better quality multi-speaker voice than naive Transformer based TTS; 2) with a MutiSpeech model as the teacher, we obtain a strong multi-speaker FastSpeech model with almost zero quality degradation while enjoying extremely fast inference speed.
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