Alzheimers Dementia Recognition through Spontaneous Speech (ADReSS)

Wed-SS-1-6-3 To BERT or Not To BERT: Comparing Speech and Language-based Approaches for Alzheimer’s Disease Detection

Aparna Balagopalan(Winterlight Labs), Ben Eyre(Winterlight Labs), Frank Rudzicz(University of Toronto/Vector Institute) and Jekaterina Novikova(Winterlight Labs)
Abstract: Research related to automatically detecting Alzheimer's disease (AD) is important, given the high prevalence of AD and the high cost of traditional methods. Since AD significantly affects the content and acoustics of spontaneous speech, natural language processing and machine learning provide promising techniques for reliably detecting AD. We compare and contrast the performance of two such approaches for AD detection on the recent ADReSS challenge dataset~\cite{bib:LuzHaiderEtAl20ADReSS}: 1) using domain knowledge-based hand-crafted features that capture linguistic and acoustic phenomena, and 2) fine-tuning Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformer (BERT)-based sequence classification models. We also compare multiple feature-based regression models for a neuropsychological score task in the challenge. We observe that fine-tuned BERT models, given the relative importance of linguistics in cognitive impairment detection, outperform feature-based approaches on the AD detection task.
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